• Arms hang relaxed and free of any tension
  • Eyes are positioned directly over the ball
  • Ball positioned slightly forward of center
  • Hands positioned slightly ahead of putter
  • Weight at address is evenly distributed
  • Body alignment parallel to the target line
  • Clubhead travels in the shape of an arc
  • Backswing and follow through equal parts


  • Use a sand wedge/lob wedge for loft
  • Distribute more weight to forward foot
  • Ball position in the center of your stance
  • Stance is slightly open to the target line
  • Create mentality of a downward strike
  • Avoid the temptation to scoop or lift
  • Wrists hinge to create clubhead speed
  • Body and hips rotate through the shot


  • Open stance with feet closer together
  • Majority of weight on the forward foot
  • Arms/shoulders triangle moves the club
  • Little to no wrist hinge during the swing
  • Hands ahead of the clubface at impact
  • Lower body remains steady and quiet
  • Brush the grass with a descending blow
  • 9 iron formula is 1/3 air and 2/3 ground


  • Ball position moved forward in stance
  • Slightly more weight on forward foot
  • Open stance with plenty of knee flex
  • Open clubface to increase the bounce
  • Swing club down and along body line
  • Clubface touches sand and not the ball
  • Draw a line in the sand during practice
  • Finish with a complete follow through